PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) medications are crucial in the fight against HIV because they can prevent people from getting HIV in the first place. PrEP is a daily pill or injection that can reduce the risk of getting HIV from sex by about 99% and from injection drug use by at least 74%.
PrEP is especially important for people who are at high risk of getting HIV, such as people who have sex with multiple partners, people who have sex without condoms, and people who inject drugs. PrEP can also be used by people who are in a relationship with someone who has HIV, even if the person is on treatment and has an undetectable viral load.
Here are some of the key benefits of PrEP:
- It is highly effective at preventing HIV.
- It is easy to take, either as a daily pill or a long-acting injection.
- It is safe for most people.
- It is well-tolerated, with few side effects.
- It can be used by people of all genders and sexual orientations.
- It can be used by people who are at high risk of getting HIV, including people who have sex with multiple partners, people who have sex without condoms, and people who inject drugs.
In the United States, PrEP use has been associated with a decline in new HIV infections among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men.
In eastern and southern Africa, PrEP use is helping to prevent HIV transmission among young women.
PrEP is also being used to prevent HIV transmission among people who inject drugs.
PrEP is an important part of the HIV prevention toolkit. It is a safe, effective, and easy-to-use way to prevent HIV.